Ridesharing and Open Container Laws in San Diego
The holidays have arrived in San Diego, and while this means getting together with family, it also means parties, or just meeting at a friend’s house to share some drinks. Many people will choose to carpool or take a ridesharing service such as Uber or Lyft to get to and from their destinations safely.
This seems like a responsible decision on the part of the passenger, and it is. But what responsibilities does the driver have? Specifically, can a driver be held responsible if his passengers are drinking in the vehicle on the way to the party?
Open Container Laws in California
In California, it is illegal to drive with open containers of alcohol. This is a strict law and could even extend to empty bottles that are being taken back to a liquor store for a refund! Alcohol containers can be carried in a vehicle, but they must be sealed and unopened. Otherwise, they are to be stored in the trunk or in a place where drivers cannot reach them while the vehicle is in motion.
While passengers caught drinking or carrying open containers will not be dealt with as seriously as drivers, there is a fine of $250 that can be levied against both the driver and the passenger if someone is caught breaking this law. The passenger could receive a fine for carrying the open container, while the driver could receive the fine because, under the law, he or she is responsible passengers at all times.
In addition to fines, a person’s car insurance rates may increase if he is caught breaking California’s open container law, as that could indicate he is at a higher risk of causing an accident.
However, the law is not as strict when it comes to Uber drivers and their passengers.
Are Open Containers Allowed in Uber or Lyft Vehicles?
There is one exception to California’s open container law: passengers in taxis, private buses, limousines, and other hired vehicles can have open containers of alcohol. Ridesharing programs such as Uber are, for legal intents and purposes, the same as taxis nowadays.
Drivers in a taxi service are not typically driving their own cars. They are driving a company car that they return after each shift, and that car is heavily insured. So is the driver, while he or she is driving it. Rideshare drivers in California drive their own vehicles, but Uber and Lyft both carry commercial liability policies of $1 million in insurance while the vehicles are in operation, carrying passengers.
While an Uber or Lyft is certainly for hire, there is a good chance that the vehicle is used for more than that in the driver’s life. Many rideshare drivers take that job as a complementary source of income. Some people may argue the vehicle has mixed use and therefore cannot be considered “for hire” as other taxi and limousine services would be–and therefore not covered under the hired vehicle exemption for open containers. However, Uber provides a waybill for its drivers, which contains the legally required information to show to the authorities, proving that the vehicle is for hire. It is unlikely that an Uber or Lyft driver would be given a citation for a passenger’s open container of alcohol.
However, the ridesharing companies are not as forgiving.
Uber says to “follow all local laws”–and many municipalities in Southern California ban open containers. Lyft, on the other hand, has a zero-tolerance policy for passengers: “Be sure to toss that adult beverage before your driver arrives. Open containers are not allowed in the car, and turning a blind eye to them can result in deactivation from our platform.”
The chances are that passengers who take an Uber and want to kick back a few drinks while getting to their destination will not face any legal consequences for doing so. Chances are that the driver will not, either. But it is a situation that you do not want to find yourself in.
What Should Uber Drivers Do If Passengers Want to Drink?
In Uber’s legal and community guidelines, it states that passengers and drivers must respect each other at all times. Drivers are given a fairly long leash when it comes to deciding what will and will not be allowed in their vehicles. While they are not allowed to discriminate, they are allowed to turn down passengers who are rude, make unwanted contact with the driver, or smoke in the vehicle if the driver does not want them to.
Because there are civil consequences to allowing an open container in your vehicle, if not criminal, an Uber driver’s best bet to keep himself and his passengers safe is to NOT allow open containers of alcohol in the vehicle. Even when a law is not as clear as it should be, it is always better to be safe than sorry.
Have a legal problem or questions about your DUI situation? Speak to the Vista attorneys at JD Law. Your consultation is free, and we will guide you in the right direction. Call (760) 630-2000.
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